All certified organic fibers are natural fibers, but not all natural fibers are produced according to the organic production principles.
All the materials we use, such as wool, silk and cotton, have an organic raw material certificate that tells about the ecological and ethical principles that have been used to produce these organic fibers.
From soil to closet
When pulling on a woolen undershirt few of us really stop to think about how long the wool’s journey is from a grazing sheep into a Ruskovilla shirt. Or what it takes before a silk shirt caresses your skin and a cotton swaddle cloth sooths baby to sleep.
Organic fiber certification begins from the soil that the sheep pasture, the mulberry trees that provide food for silkworms grow, and onto which the cotton seeds are sown.
In wool production it is important to pay attention to the fertility of the soil, crop rotation, sheep’s nutrition and health as well as parasite control. Synthetic pesticides, hormones, vaccines and genetical manipulation are forbidden. Good practices in stock raising and sheep farming are a given.
The most important silk producer is the silk moth that is reared as a silk-producing domestic animal. During the past millennia the moth has been breeded so that it’s completely dependent on humans. The starting point in the silk production is also the well-being of the soil that produces the mulberry three leaves that are used to feed the worms. All synthetic fertilizers and pesticides are forbidden in organic silk farming. The mulberry trees are not grown on monocultures but together with various fruit trees and other plants mimicking their natural habitat. The diverse environment offers good living conditions to buzzing bees and other fauna.
Massive amounts of cotton is farmed globally but only a small amounts of it is organic. The reason is obvious when looking at the basic principles of organic cotton farming. They are organic fertilizing, biological pesticide control, hand-picking and social responsibility of farmers and their families. The more industrial way of producing cotton requires a lot of some of the world’s most harmful chemicals. The organic cotton production, on the other hand, requires more of an effort when for example the fertilizers and pesticides are produced by the farmers from nature’s own ingredients. They are safe to both the farmers, the soil and the environment.